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  1. Ogunlana Tokunbo Ibrahim Says:

    Course: Islamic Studies.
    Assignment: The Ideal Muslim.
    Presented By: Ibrahim Tokunbo Ogunlana
    Supervisor: Ustaz Tariq.

    The Ideal Muslim is He who is of the Highest Moral character in his relationship with Allah, himself, his family, parents, relatives, friends and community at large. He should have the most excellent example in the prophet of Islam.
    Many Muslims are overzealous in some areas e.g. you might see a Muslim who insists on attending prayer and standing in the 1st row but he pays no attention to the bad breadth emanating from his mouth or cloth. . .or maybe, he is taking care of his children but neglects his parents .
    The number one quality is the ability of this being to adhere to the 5 pillars of Islam which are:
    1. Iman or Faith: “There is none worthy of worship except Allah and Muhammad (SAW) is the messenger of Allah.” This declaration of faith is called the Shahadah, a simple formula that all the faithful pronounce. The significance of this declaration is the belief that the only purpose of life is to serve and obey God, and this is achieved through the teachings and practices of the Last Prophet, Muhammad (SAW).
    2. Salah or Prayer: Salah is the name for the obligatory prayers that are performed five times a day, and are a direct link between the worshipper and God. There is no hierarchical authority in Islam and there are no priests. Prayers are led by a learned person who knows the Qur’an and is generally chosen by the congregation. Prayers are said at dawn, mid-day, late-afternoon, sunset and nightfall, and thus determine the rhythm of the entire day. Allah says in Q 51:56 {I have only created man and jinns, that they may worship Me}
    3. Zakah (the financial obligation on all Muslims): An important principle of Islam is that everything belongs to God, and that wealth is therefore held by human beings in trust. The word zakah means both “purification” and “growth.” Our possessions are purified by setting aside a proportion for those in need and for the society in general. Like the pruning of plants, this cutting back balances and encourages new growth. Each Muslim calculates his or her own zakah individually. This involves the annual payment of a fortieth of one’s capital, excluding such items as primary residence, car and professional tools.

    4. Sawm or Fasting: Every year in the month of Ramada-n, all Muslims fast from dawn until sundown–abstaining from food, drink, and sexual relations with their spouses. Those who are sick, elderly, or on a journey, and women who are menstruating, pregnant or nursing, are permitted to break the fast and make up an equal number of days later in the year if they are healthy and able. Children begin to fast (and to observe prayers) from puberty, although many start earlier. Although fasting is beneficial to health, it is mainly a method of self-purification and self-restraint. By cutting oneself from worldly comforts, even for a short time, a fasting person focuses on his or her purpose in life by constantly being aware of the presence of God. God states in the Qur’an: “O you who believe! Fasting is prescribed for you as it was prescribed to those before you that you may learn self-restraint.” (Qur’an 2:183)
    5. Hajj or Pilgrimage: The pilgrimage to Makkah (the hajj) is an obligation only for those who are physically and financially able to do so. Nevertheless, over two million people go to Makkah each year from every corner of the globe providing a unique opportunity for those of different nations to meet one another. The annual hajj begins in the twelfth month of the Islamic year (which is lunar, not solar, so that hajj and Ramada-n fall sometimes in summer, sometimes in winter). Pilgrims wear special clothes: simple garments that strip away distinctions of class and culture, so that all stand equal before God.

    Secondly, is the relationship of this being with his family as a whole which are:
    1. His Parents: Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 17 Surah Bani Israel verses 23-24:
    “Your Lord has enjoined the following: You should not worship anyone but Him Alone! Treat your parents with great kindness; if either or both of them attain old age, do not even say ‘uff’ to them; nor rebuke them; but speak to them kind words. Treat them with humility and tenderness and pray, “O our Lord be merciful to them, just as they brought me up with kindness and affection in my childhood.” A Muslim owes it compulsory according to Allah in ….to respect his parents every now and then of their lifetime.
    The prophet also said “The word ‘Ar-Rahm’ (womb) derives its name from ‘Ar-Rahman’ (i.e. Allah). So whosoever keeps good relations with it (womb i.e. kith and kin), Allah will keep good relations with him, and whosoever will sever it (i.e. severs his bonds of kith and kin) Allah too will sever His relations with him!”… Sahih Muslim Hadith 6189 Narrated by Abu Hurayrah
    2. His Parents’ Friends: He has a duty to treat them well and also accord them respect.
    3. His Wife: The Holy Prophet (S.A.W) said “treat women kindly, for woman was created from a rib. The part of it that is most bent is the top. If you try to straighten it, you will break it and if u leave it alone, it will remain bent. So, treat women kindly”
    4. His Children: Equity should be a watch word and also proper care in every good way He can afford is strongly advised…“Fear Allah and treat your children [small or grown] fairly (with equal justice)…Bukhari and Muslim.
    5. His Relatives and Neighbors: “Let whosoever believes in Allah and in the Last Day either speak good or be silent. Let whosoever believes in Allah and in the Last Day honour his neighbour. Let whosoever believes in Allah and in the Last Day honour his guest.”
    6. His Muslim Brothers and Friends: A Muslim is a fellow Muslim’s Brother as stated by the Prophet so this tells that he should do unto a Brother what he wants done to Him
    7. His Community and Society: He should be Modest in dealings with everybody in His Community.

    Finally, some of the things an Ideal one ought to know:
    1. Accepting the will of Allah: A good Muslim must learn to accept the will of Allah regardless of whatever the case may be.
    2. Reading the Quran (with Tajwid): The Holy Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W) said “Read the Quran, for it will come forward on the day of Resurrection to intercede for its readers”…Bukhari. He also said “the likeness of the believer who reads the Quran is like that of a citron whose smell is pleasant and whose taste is pleasant; the likeness of a believer who does not read the Quran is like a date which has a no smell but tastes sweet; the likeness of the hypocrite who reads the Quran is like a fragment flower which has a pleasant scent but holds a bitter taste; and the likeness of the hypocrite who does not read the Quran is like a colocynth (bitter apple) which has no smell and its taste is bitter”…Bukhari & Muslim.
    3. Smartness: The smart Muslim is one who strikes a balance between the needs of his body, mind and soul not letting any outweigh the other.
    4. Knowledge: The Holy Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W) said “seeking knowledge is a duty on every Muslim”… Bukhari.
    5. Sense of Responsibility: He must be responsible for whatever falls under his care or jurisdiction… “Each of you is responsible for his flock”…Bukhari & Muslim.
    6. Sunnah: He should Endeavour to make the Holy Prophet (S.A.W) his role model in whatever He does. All his sayings and doings can be found in Hadiths (the collected traditions, teachings, and stories of the prophet Muhammad, accepted as a source of Islamic doctrine and law second only to the Quran).

    References:
    The Holy Quran
    http://www.fourtyhadith.com
    The True Islamic Personality by Dr. Muhammed ‘Ali Al-Hashimi

    QUESTIONS:
    1. Who is an Ideal Muslim?
    2. State any hadith that talks about Brotherhood in Islam?
    3. State any hadith that talks about the role of parents in Islam?
    4. What other things do you think an ideal one should exhibit?
    5. Discuss “The 5 Pillars of Islam”?

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