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i am going to speak about something we live with every day it is the thinking about the future here in Sudan we hear about so many students they finished their studies and they stay in the same place the Sudanese Government said there is so many places for how looking for a job and nice level of living but on the street we well find that people working in tax or like a taxi boy once i found one he working as a ” tax Boy ” really i surprised when he tell me he finished his study in Al Khartoum university and he is a doctor .
the world this day said if you do not have a certificate of anything that’s mean you are not going to live like other people or marge and may you well become nothing
but i said if you always tried to make a good live for you you well get what you trying to get
and so many people of the business men this day they start from zero with out certificate .
let us talk about medical care in Sudan what do you think about it ” it is going for good or bad ” i think it is going for bad there is no professional people in the hospitals in Sudan they do not know how they most to do with others like ill people ” i mean bad words and bad everything ” once i get sick and i go to one of the hospitals here i wait for a 3 hour in my place that’s mean if you in a series case you are going to die quickly .
we heard about doctors who forget their tools in the people body and they died after operation .
in our live if we want to be a good people with a good health we have firs to change our way in everything to better .
War is located in a particular part of the State OR different States.
Here we have to mention the most important of these wars at all
The war in southern Sudan:-
This war is the most important war in the Sudan and the Arab world as a whole and this is the war broke out in the early fifties of the last century because of the rebellion by the South at the time and had a number of reasons, including: —
– Race, religion,
– Persecution as they claim
– Dispute the sovereignty of the psychological North country
– External support, which they find of the country that do not want to unite Walton Sudan (such as America, Eritrea, Uganda. (
All these reasons have had a role only grew in the continuation of this war All this time, and have had impact on the displacement of millions of Ganobin abroad and the destruction of the south once or Gazzv southerners in opposition against the North that had a negative role in the hatred that has arisen between them.
National Salvation Revolution: —
After several bloody battles that killed millions of young people from both sides of the National Salvation Revolution came in peace after all this period of time for the greater security of the country and makes the fruit of peace in the South after the peace.
I believe that such wars exhausted the energies of the country and wasted potential
How are you man i hope you still fine how is there in your home
I sent you this messege to give you some info about my home sudan as you know we are here in africa we have a hot wheather not like you but we live in agood place no place like home you know that the live in sudan is too hard we all here live in the same way i mean we start in morning we breakfast as usuall then we go to our jobs or colleges we stay there for a oong long time after that you well be out of mode and you will face the full of trafic may you stay waiting for bus between 2 or 3 hours until you get your bed or home you are going to be half dead and it is become dark
Here is no time to play or hangout with friends just in friday you can get some rest with family
dear marry↲How are you ? And how is austrlia these days the kingarow home iam in sudan my own home it is going well here and geting better not like the old days i mean it is good and still going good we start to building hospitals stadums and schools now we gut a three bridgs between khartoum and omdurman we start to living in great way really it is going good after the end of south war as you know we were lose 10 belion ber day becuse of war but now there no war we live in pace all of us ↲I hope you and ask you to visit us soon↲↲From :↲Mohamed murtada
John salah omer
Dear Mr. John
How are you john and how are your jobs, health, and your family.
I’m very happy to writing this massage to you. I hope vision as soon as in the Sudan .I wants to know your country unit to visit. Sudan is big countries in Africa in the space. It has 26 stat, and many tribes in the north, west, est., south we have different culture. It has big river in the world that called Nile River. It has many landscaping of mountain, waterfalls, nature reserves of animal, gardening.
I hope to visit Sudan as soon as, I’m waiting you and your family.
In the early 1800’s mechanical puppets were first built in Europe, just for entertainment value. And these were called robots since there parts were driven by linkage and cams and controlled by rotating drum selectors. In 1801 Joseph Maria Jacquard made the next great change and invented the automatic draw loom. The draw loom would punch cards and was used to control the lifting of thread in fabric factories. This was the first to be able to store a program and control a machine. After that there were many small changes in robotics but we were slowly moving forward.
The first industrial robots were Unimates developed by George Devol and Joe Engelberger in the late 50’s and early 60’s. The first patents we by Devol but Engelberger formed Unimation which was the first market robots. So Engelberger has been called the “father of robotics”. For a while the economic viability of these robots proved disastrous and thing slowed down for robotics. But the industry recovered and by the mid-80’s robotics was back on track.
USES FOR ROBOT
700,000 robots were in the industrial world in 1995 and over 500,000 we used in Japan. About 120,000 in Western Europe and 60,000 in the United States and many were doing tasks to dangerous or unpleasant for humans. Some of the hazardous jobs are handling material such a blood or urine samples, searching building for fugitives and deep water search. And even some jobs that are repetitive and these can be run 24hrs a day without getting tired. General Motors Corporation uses these robots for spot welding, painting, machine loading, parts transfer, and assembly. Assembly lines are the fastest growing because of higher precision and lower cost for labor
types of robots:
* Cartesian robot /Gantry robot: Used for pick and place work, application of sealant, assembly operations, handling machine tools and arc welding. It’s a robot whose arm has three prismatic joints, whose axes are coincident with a Cartesian coordinator.
* Cylindrical robot: Used for assembly operations, handling at machine tools, spot welding, and handling at die casting machines. It’s a robot whose axes form a cylindrical coordinate system.
* Spherical/Polar robot: Used for handling at machine tools, spot welding, die casting, fettle machines, gas welding and arc welding. It’s a robot whose axes form a polar coordinate system.
* SCARA robot: Used for pick and place work, application of sealant, assembly operations and handling machine tools. It’s a robot which has two parallel rotary joints to provide compliance in a plane.
* Articulated robot: Used for assembly operations, die casting, fettle machines, gas welding, arc welding and spray painting. It’s a robot whose arm has at least three rotary joints.
* Parallel robot: One use is a mobile platform handling cockpit flight simulators. It’s a robot whose arms have concurrent prismatic or rotary joints.
there is no possibility of finding robots in Sudan because there is no manufactures for produce the hardware and software for robots in Sudan also there is now enough money for it.
Global health is an important concept that medical students need to understand. Global health is not about a single health problem such as malaria, TB, or AIDs. No matter how serious the problem is Global health is not about the health of one country or region . Global health transcends boundaries and regions and encompasses all the factors that comprise our health.
Global health is everywhere – in your communities, and in your countries .Many health efforts, even international health programs, concentrate on health in one or several regions of the world. We would like to change the philosophy of “global health “by emphasizing the importance of health efforts globally. We need better define the discipline of global health.
In the past 100 years, life expectancy has been on the rise both in the majority of developing and developed countries. We are healthier today than we have ever been in the history of mankind .This improvement in life expectancy has been achieved due to improved prevention , information sharing , and global health.
Global health research and information sharing played a very important role in the eradication of Smallpox. As the result of this global clinicians, medical students today are not seeing any cases of smallpox.
1. January .2011
Fax: 5721 US
Dear Mr. John
How are you Thank you for the letterer .
Sudan is the largest country in Africa and one million square meters area. Geographical location is located in the northeastern part of the continent of Africa and bordered by nine countries, including Arab and Islamic. There are the many natural resources including plant and animal resources, and has its longest river in the world, the great River Nile, as well as fisheries and mineral wealth. In terms of livestock are found where the largest protected Dander is protected for wildlife.
First puppet mechanic built in Europe in 1800 for Aoil just entertainment.
700,000 robots were in the industrialized world in 1995 and more than 500,000 in Japan and about 120,000 in Europe Afraid and 60,000 in the United States of America.
Types of robots and the Uses for Robots:-
Cartesian robot / giant robot are used to select and place of work.
Cylindrical robot used for assembly operations.
Spherical polar robot used for handling in machine tools.
Parallel robot as robot arms and joints, which imported and roles concurrent.
There is no possibility for finding in the Sudan for low cost of the State
lets say in our days i mean in this time we need so much help in any thing whatever if we younger or old every one needs help in his life but you are not going to fine this help from all or for along time it is will be temporary help may for one or two years .
i think we need these robots for anything we do i think it will be good for the old people cuz they need some one to stay with them to talk to them and serve them all the time .
so i think it will be great to get robots to serve us and take our secondary mission or jobs
in other way it will be bad cuz it will take so many places i mean in factors and the bigger company that is mean disorder for many people and its will be really bad for them
A robot is an automatically guided machine, able to do tasks on its own. Another common characteristic is that by its appearance or movements, a robot often conveys a sense that it has intent or agency of its own.
. Machines and mechanization are the ancestors of today’s robots. The ancients started with things like water clocks and irrigation equipment. Later, windmills and water wheels turned gears and equipment to help produce a product. These ancient machines did tasks with or without human help. Industrialization made use of heavy mechanization to mass produce merchandise. In the 20th century, machines took some form of “intelligence.” They were able to work independently, solve problems and execute solutions. Cybernetics involved improving robot intelligence. Today, robots explore sea floors, wander inside caves, explore and study other planets and build cars.
Robots are increasing in number, type and importance for humans. Industry is exploring cars that could drive themselves. Designers are imagining military vehicles that could enter combat without human help. Companies are looking into robotic parts that will do basic home functions. Robots take over jobs from people, but they also create new jobs for professional groups of people who specialize in robotics.
Industry robots make cars and other consumer and business products. A Cartesian robot has parts oriented left and right, forward and backward, and up and down. A cylindrical robot is a robot whose movement traces a cylinder outline. A polar robot’s movement traces a sphere in the air. One type of robot operates remotely but is controlled from another location. The Mars rovers, armed drones and underwater explorer vehicles are examples. Another type of robot goes into danger zones, such as a crater of an active volcano, or a cave used by hostile forces.
Robots do work that would normally bore a human. Working under prolonged monotonous conditions could tax a person. A robot could do these tasks without the mental side affects. Robots are being used to search for and defuse bombs. They could also be used to investigate a car with hostile occupants. They’ve worked as part of military checkpoints. Human space travel beyond the moon provides other challenges. Scientists are grappling with ways to protect humans once they leave the Earth’s magnetic belt. Robots could operate in this area.
Cholera is a bacterial infection generally spread through water or food. It cases vomiting and diarrhea. In severe cases, people can die from a loss of fluid within hours unless they are treated. Cholera is easily treated with oral dehydration salts or intravenous fluid. This disease spread in the developing countries because is not budget to prevent epidemiological diseases
in my opinion the mercy killing should not be legalized for several reasons like :-
1.Allah who takes the soul from people
2.When you takeoff the life support machines it is like you kill it even if it is there is no hope
but in some cases where is no hope for recovering and the family members spend a lot of money and lost there time ,i will give up and say in this case the mercy killing will help.
medical scientists and doctors in the United States have recently discovered that marijuana is effective medicine for severely ill patients who cannot get relief from their usual prescription drugs .the writer in the passage said that the marijuana should be legal for medical uses ,but in my opinion it should not be legalized because they will be addicted for marijuana also the society will take the marijuana every day and every time .
when rain has fallenyou see little pools of water ,some of it sunk into the ground and the other go to the air, when it disappear like this, the water has changed from a liquid into what is called a vapour . this process called evaporate, you cannot see or smell it ,this vapour turn back to water ,first water gets more heat second more watervapour is made then it goes to air.
When rain has fallen, the water which collects in hollows .The mount of water in each pool gets smaller and smaller, if no more rain falls. It must have gone into the air. When water seems to disappear like this ,the water has changed from a liquid into what is called a vapor.
When rain has fallen. The water collects in hollows. The amount of water the pool smaller and smaller more rain falls. When has seem to disappear like. The water has changed from liquid called to vapour
Diet food (or dietetic food) refers to any food or drink whose recipe has been altered in some way to make it part of a body modification diet. Although the usual intention is weight loss and change in body type, sometimes the intention is to aid in gaining weight or muscle as in bodybuilding supplements. A balanced diet means getting the right types and amounts of foods and drinks to supply nutrition and energy for maintaining body cells, tissues, and organs, and for supporting normal growth and development. example of diet (Well-balanced diet Function
A well-balanced diet provides enough energy and nutrition for optimal growth and development. Food Sources
Milk group (dairy products)
* Cheese: fat-free or reduced-fat (1%)
* Milk or buttermilk: fat-free (skim) or low-fat (1%)
* Yogurt: fat-free or low-fat, regular or frozen
Meat and beans group
* Legumes (including beans, lentils, peas, and split peas)
* Meat (beef, pork, poultry with skin removed, game meats, fish, shellfish): select lean cuts; trim away visible fat; broil, roast, or poach
* Nuts and seeds (including almonds, hazelnuts, mixed nuts, peanuts, peanut butter, sunflower seeds, walnuts)
* Tofu, temper, and other soy-protein products
* Apples, apricots, avocados, bananas, berries, dates, grapes, grapefruit, mangoes, melons, oranges, peaches, pineapples, raisins and other unsweetened dried fruits, tangerines
* 100% fruit juice
* Broccoli, cauliflower, carrots, collard and other greens, cucumbers, green beans, kale, lettuces, potatoes, radishes, spinach, squash, sweet potatoes, tomatoes
* 100% vegetable juice
Grain group (breads and cereals)
* Enriched, whole-grain breads, rolls, English muffins, bagels, cereals (hot and cold), and pasta
Patient safety is such an important part of our health care system and it helps define quality health care. Keeping our patients safe is a challenging issue because errors and mistakes can and do happen. Error occurs “when a planned sequence of mental and physical activities fail to achieve the intended outcome and when this failure cannot be attributed to some chance intervention or occurrence” (Ballard, 2003). According to the Institute of Medicine, medical error resulted in as many as 98,000 preventable deaths per year; twice the rate of traffic fatalities and the estimated cost in the US could be almost 29 billion dollars (Wells, 2001).
Someone has to ensure operational systems and methods are taken to help reduce the likelihood that errors occur, but who is responsible for taking these proper measurers? Is it society, patients themselves, physicians, nurses, nursing professors, administrators, researchers, physicians, or professional associations? In the long run, all of these entities are responsible for making sure the patient has the safest possible outcome. This is a nationwide and worldwide issue that will never be completely resolved because error is always prone to happen. As nurses we need to make sure we .
Will write a report on the problems I have encountered my studies which connected by the courses that we are studying it, in my view it is not enough. We need to process more material in order to be able to work in medical institutions, especially as our field in the Sudan.
when rain has fallen,you need have never seen drinking water swimming about in the air . when water seems to disappear like this ,the water has changed from a liquid into what is called a vapour.unseen water-vapour in the air turned back to water.
“Language acquisition does not require extensive use of conscious grammatical rules, and does not require tedious drill.Acquisition requires meaningful interaction in the target language – natural communication – in which speakers are concerned not with the form of their utterances but with thThe best methods are therefore those that supply ‘comprehensible input’ in low anxiety situations, containing messages that students really want to hear. These methods do not force early production in the second language, but allow students to produce when they are ‘ready’, recognizing that improvement comes from supplying communicative and comprehensible input, and not from forcing and correcting production.e messages they are conveying and understanding.In the real world, conversations with sympathetic native speakers who are willing to help the acquirer understand are very helpful.
Dear Mr john
Sudan occupies the north-eastern part of the continent of Africa. Chambers between 4 and 22 north of the equator and longitudes 22 and 38 and extends along the sea border to the Red Sea coast about 670 km and are bounded by two Arab countries (Egypt and Libya) and 7 African nations. This site made Sudan a main crossing point between the Arab North Africa and Southern Negro. And that even mid-century, the main passage for convoys of pilgrims and trade from West Africa to the Holy Land and Eastern Africa. Sudan covers an area of about 2.5 million square kilometers is thus one of the largest African countries and it is ranked eleventh among the countries of the world’s largest space.
Due to the large area of this varied environments Alaichaelologip Sudan and its resources and natural wealth and population of many races and ethnicities and cultures.
That Sudan’s strategic location and rich natural resources and wealth, make it a centerpiece of the old colonial rivalry in Africa. As well as the Sudan is one of the ambitions of modern colonialism, especially after the scarce natural resources of the world food problem has become an obsession in the future haunts the modern world.
Healthy eating is not about strict nutrition philosophies, staying unrealistically thin, or depriving yourself of the foods you love. Rather, it’s about feeling great, having more energy, and keeping yourself as healthy as possible– all of which can be achieved by learning some nutrition basics and using them in a way that works for you.
Healthy eating begins with learning how to “eat smart “it’s not just what you eat, but how you eat. Your food choices can reduce your risk of illnesses such as heart disease, cancer, and diabetes as well as defend against depression. Additionally, learning the habits of healthy eating can improve your health by boosting your energy, sharpening your memory and stabilizing your mood. Expand your range of healthy food choices and learn how to plan ahead to create and maintain a satisfying, healthy diet. So the diet is very important to give the health body.
nurses and midwives play an important role in implementing immunization activities at the district level and that their roles can be maximized by creating opportunities that lead to their having more responsibilities in their work and in particular, their involvement in early phases of planning of priority health activities. This should be accompanied by written job descriptions, tasks and clear lines of authority as well as good supportive supervision. The lessons from supplementary immunization activities, where the roles of nurses and midwives are maximized, can be easily adopted to benefit the rest of the health services provided at district level.
انه الخوف ،المحقق هولمز انه الرعب “ازالت قناعها وتحدثت ولكن باستطاعتك ملاحظة انها في حالة هياج ووجهها رمادي اللون مع حالة من القلق والخوف واضح في عينيها مثل الذين يصطادون الحيوانات . من ملامحها و شخصيتها يظهر انها امراءة في الثلاثين من العمر لكن شعرها تالف لا يدل على ذلك بسبب اصابتها بالشيب المبكر وكانت تعابير الضجر واضحة عليها
Muna was alazy studant .shealways left todys work for tomorrow .your mathers had often advised him to change this bad habits but she don,t care about advis .after some weeks the examination it begining as areslt Munabecame very weak at the examination . she learned does not left today,s work for tomrrow and listen to advis .
Cafe is always busy.There are always people sitting at the tables in cafe . the man and women are all well -dressed .They drink cafe they eat ice-cream.they read newspapers .Ali does not sit in cafe .is not well-dressed .He sits on the pavement outside cafe .He sits on a small box .he is a shoeshine boy .He does not go to school .He work ll day. Ali shines men shoes and ladies shoes .He shinned all a cooler shoes .A man is cafe shoes Ali .Ali runs into cafe .He puts his box at the man feet the man puts one foot on the box .the man shoes are black .Ali clearness the man shoes .The man give Ali ten cents .and he take the ten cent he picks up his box .An old man walks slough a long the pavement .the old men is carrying a lange board .there is notice on the board .the old man is selling latterly tickets .The man seed Give me a ticket !Hurry .the man give the tictet -seller a dollar . the well-dressed man is in hurry .A taxis is waiting .the man puts the ticket in his pocket quickly .The man gets into the taxi . the ticket falls out his pocket .and Ali see the ticket falls he seed your ticket!your ticket! The man does not hear Ali.the tax improvement away.cafe closes at midnight .Ali home is for away .Every night Ali has a long walk home .Ali Mather is waiting for him . He gives her all the money. Ali has not father .Ali has younger brother and younger sister . Ali mother need money .Ali show mother his latterly ticket his mother Looks at the ticket She reads the number 7-5-3-8-1-2-9-4-6.is this the winning number ? perhaps it is Saturday day 21st tomorrow . perhaps tomorrow will be their lucky day! Ali puts the ticks on the box .he falls a sleep,Ali has a dream .A goat comes into the house .the goat finds the ticks . the goat is eating the ticket .the goats eating all number .Ali wakes up .It is morning .the ticket is not on the box ! Where is the ticket ?Ali runs to the latterly office. Ali see his mother .she has ticket !A man is shouting out the winning number .7-5-3-8-1-2-9-4. will the next number be Six. will it be their Lucky number . will it be their Lucky day.